7 Things You Should Know About the Crisis in Venezuela
A crisis that began nearly a decade ago gets worse by the day.
The humanitarian crisis in Venezuela has reached a fever pitch in the past month.
President Nicolas Maduro won another six-year term in a widely contested election, the opposition leader Juan Guaidó declared himself the interim president, massive protests have erupted, state-sponsored violence has broken out, and countries around the world have backed either one or the other leader, signaling the rocky road ahead.
Amid this geopolitical turmoil, the country’s humanitarian crisis, which began nearly a decade ago, continues to deteriorate.
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Here are seven things to know about the state of Venezuela.
1. Poverty Affects 90% of the Population
An elderly woman is offered cash as she begs at a wholesale food market in Caracas, Venezuela, Jan. 28, 2019.
Nearly 9 in 10 Venezuelans live in poverty. The country’s economy has tanked so extensively that the industries that once enabled a broad social safety net have mostly collapsed. As a result, inflation in Venezuela reached 1,300,000% in November of last year, and prices of basic goods doubled every 19 days on average, putting everyday necessities like bread essentially out of reach for the majority of the population.
2. Hunger Is Pervasive
Customers hold their shopping bags of newly bought corn flour and toilet paper as they line up outside a private supermarket in Caracas, Venezuela, Jan. 16, 2015.
Widespread food insecurity was one of the primary factors behind the massive protests that roiled the country in 2015, and since then, access to food has become far worse.
3. Health Care Has Become Hard to Access
As the economy declines, hospitals have run out of supplies and health care professionals have fled the country en masse. NGOs have had to fill in the growing medical gaps and a roaring black market now supplies desperate patients with everything from cancer drugs to insulin, according to IRIN.
4. The Education System Is Failing
The broader humanitarian crisis has imperiled Venezuela’s school system. More than 3 million children are missing all or some of their classes, thousands of teachers have fled the country, and the schools that do remain open often operate on a reduced schedule, according to Reuters.
5. Access to Water & Sanitation Worsens
Wealthy families have been able to drill private wells to cope with the lack of water flowing from their faucets, but for the vast majority of Venezuelans, water availability has slowed to a trickle, according to AP. Although Venezuela is rich in water sources, government mismanagement has caused taps to run dry for decades and the ongoing crisis has worsened the problem as infrastructure breaks. To make matters worse, the military has turned water access into a mafia-like racket.
6. Refugee Crisis Continues to Grow
Venezuelan migrants line up for free bread and coffee, donated by a Colombian family from their car, at a gas station in Pamplona, Colombia on Aug. 31, 2018. Millions have fled Venezuela's deadly shortages and spiraling hyperinflation.
All of the factors above, and more, have triggered one of the fastest-growing refugee crises in the world. Since the country began to decline in 2015, more than 3 million people have fled to neighboring countries, primarily to Peru and Colombia, according to the UN.
7. Human Trafficking Is on the Rise
As Venezuela unravels and people flee the country, women and children have become highly vulnerable to human trafficking. Child refugees are often being forced to beg and do unpaid domestic work, while many women are being pushed into the illicit sex industry, according to a report. Oftentimes, people are forced into exploitative situations because of a desperate need to earn money to send back to their families in Venezuela, underscoring the urgent need to find a regional solution to the country’s crisis.