Why Global Citizens Should Care
The UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 3, aims to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030, including achieving internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age by 2025. In Sudan, at least 700,000 children under the age of five suffer from severe acute malnutrition, due to several factors including an economic crisis, food insecurity, and conflict. Despite interventions from UNICEF and other organizations, hundreds and thousands of children are left without treatment and 120 die every day from this preventable cause. You can join us in taking action on this issue here.

Around 120 children die every day as a result of malnutrition and related causes, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said on Tuesday. 

At least 700,000 children under the age of 5 in Sudan suffer from severe acute malnutrition. However, UNICEF is only able to reach 300,000 children, “making the gap and need for support more urgent than ever,” the agency states

In addition, over 38% of children under 5 are believed to be too short for their age, and 17% are too thin for their height. 

Malnutrition is caused by increased food costs, poverty, and a lack of essential nutrients in food, and it is heightened by poor water and sanitation conditions along with high disease prevalence. 

The economic crisis in the country, which began in 2018, has resulted in shortages of essentials such as fuel and medicines. There is also a large decline in people who can afford the local basic food basket, which puts an estimated 2.9 million Sudanese people at risk for nutritional deficiencies. 

Malnutrition can be treated and prevented through micronutrient supplementation, counseling on good feeding and care practices, and nutrition sensitive interventions including vaccinations, according to UNICEF.

The long-time conflicts in Sudan have left millions of children vulnerable. According to UNICEF,  2.6 million children in the country are in need of humanitarian assistance. This year alone, nearly 1 million children were displaced, and more than 3.5 million children — mostly in conflict-affected areas — are out of school. 

UNICEF said Sudanese officials need to “prioritize children’s needs by strengthening action against malnutrition, addressing the education crisis, and increasing investments in children and young people.”

Henrietta Fore, UNICEF’s executive director, is in Sudan to inspect the humanitarian situation in the country and meet with Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok and other senior officials. 

"This is a defining moment,” Fore said, speaking about the political climate in the country. Following the ouster of the former president Omar al-Bashir — who was arrested after months of protests — the new Sudanese government agreed to open humanitarian access in the country’s conflict zones.

“Moving forward, as Sudan starts the next chapter in its history, it is critical that it reconfirms its commitment to its youngest citizens by putting children and young people front and center,” Fore said.  

She also stressed the need to end the recruitment and use of children in armed forces and armed groups in Sudan. 

“UNICEF is working with all parties to get children away from the front lines and back in their communities,” she said.


Defeat Poverty

120 Children in Sudan Die Every Day From Malnutrition: UNICEF

By Jacky Habib