Politicians Urged to Ban Child Marriage in the UK by Scrapping a 90-Year-Old Law
Being legally able to marry at 16 with parental consent is open to abuse, campaigners say.
By Emma Batha
LONDON, Oct 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — Britain is sabotaging girls' futures and condoning child sex abuse by failing to scrap an "anachronistic" law allowing child marriage, a lawmaker told parliament on Tuesday as she presented a bill to criminalise marriage under 18.
Pauline Latham said retaining the current law, which allows marriage at 16 with parental consent, also undermined Britain's global efforts to end child marriage in developing countries.
"Why are we allowing marriage of children in this country when the recognised age of adulthood is 18?... We are allowing child sex abuse," Latham told parliament. "It's time this country came into the 21st century."
She said the need to reform the law was highlighted in a TV drama last week based on the "shocking" case of Banaz Mahmod, who was murdered in a so-called "honour killing" after being pushed into an abusive marriage as a teenager.
Banaz's sister Payzee Mahmod, who was married at 16, voiced support for the bill. "Child marriage is child abuse," she tweeted.
The bill, which has cross-party support, would make it an offence to encourage or assist a minor to marry. Penalties of up to seven years in prison have been suggested. A second reading has been set for Nov. 13.
Campaigners say girls who marry young are often pulled out of school and are at higher risk of marital rape, domestic abuse, and pregnancy complications.
Girls from South Asian and Middle Eastern backgrounds are seen as most at risk of early marriage in Britain because having relationships outside marriage is often considered shameful.
More than 180 under-18s were married in 2017, according to official data, but the figure does not include many girls who were wed in traditional ceremonies or sent abroad to marry.
Britain, which has been vocal about ending child marriage globally, has committed up to £39 million ($51 million) to tackle the issue in developing countries.
Conservative MP Latham said Britain's international influence was more important than ever as the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic increases the risk of child marriage for hundreds of thousands of girls.
Britain set 16 as the minimum age in 1929 when living together or falling pregnant out of wedlock was socially unacceptable.
But campaigners say most girls who marry under 18 nowadays are pressured into it by their families and that girls would be more empowered to say no if the minimum age was raised.
"Parental consent is often synonymous with parental coercion," said Natasha Rattu, executive director of the charity Karma Nirvana, which campaigns against forced marriage.
Karma Nirvana has handled 363 cases or threatened cases of child marriage since April 2017, but its helpline has seen a 59% fall in such cases during lockdown, suggesting girls have struggled to access help with schools closed.
(Reporting by Emma Batha @emmabatha; Editing by Helen Popper. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, which covers the lives of people around the world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit http://news.trust.org). Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.