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People attend the annual Tokyo Rainbow Parade in Tokyo, on May 6, 2018.
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Citizenship

Japan Elects First Openly Gay Male Lawmaker, Spurring Hopes for Same-Sex Marriage

By Olivier Fabre and Rachel Savage

TOKYO, July 23 — Japan's first openly gay male lawmaker said on Tuesday he believed the country would legalize same-sex marriage, months after Taiwan became the first place in Asia to allow gay unions.

Taiga Ishikawa, 45, was elected to parliament's upper house on Sunday, on a platform calling for marriage equality, with the main opposition Constitutional Democratic Party, also the party of Japan's first openly LGBTQ lawmaker, elected in 2017.

"Since the early 2000s, the issue of same-sex marriage has progressed leaps and bounds," Ishikawa told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone on Tuesday.

"It will happen within the six years of my term, I am sure."

Japan's laws on LGBTQ issues are relatively liberal compared with many Asian countries, with homosexual sex legal since 1880, but being openly gay remains largely taboo.

Same-sex marriage is illegal and Japan's prime minister, Shinzo Abe, has opposed efforts to legalize it.

Same-sex marriage is legal in 27 countries, as well as Taiwan, which China regards as a wayward province. The self-ruled island legalized same-sex marriage in May while Thailand has drafted a bill that would recognize same-sex civil partners.

Ishikawa said his election showed that a growing number of Japanese people backed same-sex marriage. He credited strides made towards marriage equality recently in countries such as Ecuador and Northern Ireland.

Read More: Taiwan Becomes First Place in Asia to Legalize Same-Sex Marriage

"It has been incredibly empowering to the Japanese LGBT community to see the growing acceptance overseas of same-sex marriage," he said.

"I think we've got a breakthrough now and I plan to move the conversation (on same-sex marriage) forward."

However, a solid victory for Abe's ruling bloc in Sunday's upper house election has led some LGBTQ rights advocates to question whether reforms will be achieved soon.

In a televised party leader debate ahead of the election, Abe, 64, voiced his opposition to same-sex marriage.

Read More: Same-Sex Couples Seek Marriage Equality in Japan With Valentine's Day Lawsuits

"We now have an openly gay guy in parliament, but at the same time we still have the strongest party which is ... against the idea of marriage equality for now," said Kan Kikumoto, an LGBTQ activist in Tokyo.

Japan's first openly lesbian lawmaker, Kanako Otsuji, 44, helped table a marriage equality bill in June but the ruling Liberal Democratic Party and its coalition party, Komeito, have declined to debate it.

Despite the political opposition, a survey by Japanese advertising giant Dentsu found that 78% of people aged 20 to 60 favoured legalising same-sex marriage, up from 51% of those polled in 2017 by public broadcaster NHK.

(Reporting by Olivier Fabre (@Olyviyah) and Rachel Savage (@rachelmsavage); Editing by Hugo Greenhalgh and Katy Migiro. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters that covers humanitarian news, women's and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking, property rights, and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org)