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DAWNS Digest: Paris to open refugee camp

Flickr: RobinTphoto

A new normal for Europe? “In an sign that France may be taking a more active stance this year on the migrant crisis, Paris authorities were ‘assessing different sites’ for their suitability to host a camp ‘as soon as possible’, Mayor Anne Hidalgo told reporters. She said the current situation was no longer ‘tenable’, pointing to the example of a makeshift camp that had sprung up in the north of Paris in the past few days where 800 people are living...French authorities have long resisted putting in place an infrastructure for the migrants, up until Tuesday's surprise announcement. Visibly frustrated, Mayor Hidalgo said she had alerted the relevant state authorities to the situation in Paris several times but was still waiting for a response. She said the state had not provided sufficient resources to give refugees "a fitting welcome". (AFP http://yhoo.it/1RK72jF)

There is a word for this. It’s called “Refoulement”...”Kenya is to send Somali refugees in the world's largest camp back to their war-torn country or third nations by November, the interior minister said Tuesday. The sprawling Dadaab camp on the Kenya-Somalia border hosts some 350,000 refugees, the vast majority of whom fled Somalia's more than two-decade long conflict. Kenya said earlier this month it would shut down the camp, and set up a team to explore how it could be achieved. "I want to inform the world that the decision to close Dadaab camp is final," Interior Minister Joseph Ole Nkaissery said after receiving the team's report. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Xd3GOE)

Human shields...Islamic State forces are reported to be holding several hundred families as "human shields" in the Iraqi city of Falluja while government forces close in, the United Nations refugee agency said on Tuesday, citing witness accounts. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1TVWROs)

Stat of the Day...The number of HIV-positive people taking antiretroviral medicines more than doubled to an estimated 17 million people from 2010 to 2015, with two million people gaining access to the life-saving drug last year alone. (UN News Center http://bit.ly/1WvkmA9)

01 - Africa

Convicted Congolese war criminal Jean-Pierre Bemba found himself back in the dock at the International Criminal Court on Tuesday -- this time accused of bribing witnesses and falsifying evidence. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Y1jxig)

South Sudanese security forces have temporarily detained at least 10 journalists, activists, and other perceived government critics since the formation of a coalition government between the government and armed opposition at the end of April, the victims and media houses said. (AP http://yhoo.it/1RK71ft)

The UN Security Council on Tuesday requested a special report about weapons flows to South Sudan after major powers failed to agree on imposing an arms embargo on the war-torn country. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1TP690L)

Egypt has become embroiled in a dispute with African diplomats after they accused an Egyptian official of referring to "dogs and slaves" in remarks about sub-Saharan Africa at a United Nations conference in Nairobi. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1P1Rmse)

Boys are slightly more likely to be sexually abused than girls in South Africa, where a third of all children have experienced some form of sexual abuse in their lifetime, according to the first-ever national study of child maltreatment. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1TP6gcJ)

Ivory Coast's former first lady Simone Gbagbo goes on trial Tuesday for crimes against humanity, but rights groups acting as plaintiffs in the case have pulled out, blasting the proceedings as flawed. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Y1pk7p)

Sudanese authorities deported at least 442 Eritreans, including six registered refugees, in May of 2016, a Human Rights Watch report said. (VOA http://bit.ly/1XNkqdP)

02 - MENA

Bahraini authorities have released prominent rights activist Zainab al-Khawaja on humanitarian grounds after two and a half months behind bars, her sister told The Associated Press on Tuesday. (AP http://yhoo.it/1P1Rgkk)

Mohamed Abdelaziz, the head and co-founder of the Polisario Front independence movement in the Western Sahara, died Tuesday after a long illness, the group said. He was in his late 60s. (AP http://yhoo.it/1TP6Oz6)

The U.N. World Food Programme is working on contingency plans that up to 700,000 people could be displaced by a planned offensive to retake Iraq's second largest city from Islamic State, according to its head in Iraq. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Xd4djJ)

Hamas authorities in the Gaza Strip executed three Palestinian men for murder on Tuesday, the attorney general said, drawing condemnation from the United Nations. (Yahoo http://yhoo.it/1P23j0R)

The United Nations said on Tuesday it was worried about 8,000 Syrians trapped by fighting north of Aleppo where Islamic State has advanced against rebels, and that both Kurdish and rebel authorities had hindered people fleeing the area. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1TVWbst)

Saudi Arabia has intercepted and destroyed a ballistic missile fired from Yemen and a Saudi-led military coalition said late on Monday it may be forced to reconsider a truce that has been place since April. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1TVVTSn)

03 - Asia

The number of Afghans internally displaced by conflict has "dramatically" doubled to 1.2 million in just three years, Amnesty International said on Tuesday, warning that a lack of basic services was putting people on the brink of survival. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1P23Ek6)

Philippine president-elect Rodrigo Duterte said Tuesday that corrupt journalists were legitimate targets of assassination, as he amped up his controversial anti-crime crusade with offers of rewards for killing drug traffickers. (AFP http://yhoo.it/20RNEYp)

Cambodia's parliament voted to allow a court investigation into an opposition leader accused of procuring a prostitute, a vote that could push the country closer to political turmoil. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1XNk1bg)

A 28-year-old transgender man who goes by the name of "Mr. C" has become the public face of the fight for job equality in China, where sexual and gender minorities are only beginning to emerge from virtual invisibility. (AP http://yhoo.it/1TVWrb7)

A school in northern Thailand where 17 girls were killed in a dormitory fire last week has reopened, but only about a third of the students returned because some families remain concerned about safety, a volunteer at the school said Tuesday. (AP http://yhoo.it/1P23M34)

Indonesian police on Tuesday detained more than 300 demonstrators who were demanding the release of political prisoners in restive Papua province, a rights group said. (AP http://yhoo.it/1TVWZ0o)

Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi will lead a new effort to bring peace and development to Rakhine State where violence between majority Buddhists and minority Muslims in recent years has cast a cloud over progress on democratic reforms. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1P23CsI)

04 - The Americas

The Brazilian teenage girl who says she was brutally gang raped in a Rio de Janeiro slum is speaking out about the attack and the related graphic video that went viral. (BBC http://cnn.it/1P1ZBo1)

Venezuela's government came under renewed pressure on Tuesday when regional body Organization of American States called for an emergency meeting. OAS head Luis Almagro wants members to evaluate whether Venezuela has suffered an "unconstitutional alteration of the constitutional regime that seriously impairs the democratic order". (BBC http://bbc.in/20RNzUr)

The Canadian government needs to do more to mitigate climate disasters such as floods and wildfires, a top green watchdog said on Tuesday as the Alberta town of Fort McMurray struggled to recover from a huge inferno. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1TP5uMF)

Haiti's electoral authorities begin deliberating Tuesday whether to annul the disputed presidential election, as recommended by a special commission that reported finding what appeared to be significant fraud and professional misconduct. (AP http://yhoo.it/1TP6DnA)

Puerto Rico has been hit harder by Zika than any other part of the U.S., with more than 1,170 confirmed cases, one death and the first microcephaly case acquired on U.S. soil. Now, worries about the virus are starting to affect the tourism industry, which had been one of the few bright spots in an otherwise dismal economy. (AP http://yhoo.it/24hVGu)

section5-and-the-rest

The U.N. health agency says sexual transmission of Zika is more common than first thought. It is updating its advice to women who have been in areas hit by the virus, telling them to wait even longer to conceive. (AP http://yhoo.it/1UbwlNo)

The European Union reached an agreement Tuesday with some of the world's biggest social media firms, including Facebook and Twitter, on ways to combat the spread of hate speech online. (AP http://yhoo.it/1RK71Mk)

Denmark's government says it has secured support from lawmakers for its plan to ban foreign clerics with anti-democratic views from entering the Nordic country. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Y1juCU)

Amnesty International called Tuesday on Spain to reform an asylum system it labelled "inefficient, obsolete and discriminatory", blasting the "embarrassing" low number of refugees that have been taken in. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1P22PIh)

05 - Opnions

Owen Barder decided to become an economist when he was still in high school, living in Ethiopia in the midst of a famine. (Global Dispatches Podcast http://bit.ly/1Uay5Gx )

Can Poor Countries Combat Big Tobacco Too? (Inter Press Service http://bit.ly/1XN7M)

The IMF has not lived up to its own hype on social protection (Guardian http://bit.ly/1Zb9eGA)

10 things you should know about cash transfers (ODI http://bit.ly/1TP5TyK)

Going local in aid will help build disaster resilience (TRF http://tmsnrt.rs/1Xd3Oxw)

Should donors pay locally hired staff less to avoid government 'brain drain'? (Devex http://bit.ly/1TP8g4t)

ICTs in Evaluation Practice (Wait What http://bit.ly/24hWXl5)

Thomas Piketty on inequality in developing countries (great, but still not enough on politics) (From Poverty to Power http://bit.ly/1Xd8Hqp)

Book Review: Grit – Takeaways for Development Economists and Parents (Development Impact http://bit.ly/1UbMHoZ)

To Fight Superbugs, Fight Poverty (PLOS blog http://bit.ly/1Xd904G)